The Different Types of Vaccines
Vaccine support is a very fragile unit in medication as it involves the study of illness characteristics and how to come up with a cure of the disease. Good vaccines should not affect the way other cells behave but rather only fight the relevant microbes that cause an illness. For a vaccine to be effective it must have so crucial characteristics such as the ability to fight the harmful elements in the body cells and not harm other cells that are not affected by the virus or bacterium without altering their functionality. Also when designing a vaccine varying considerations should be taken such as how compatible the vaccine is with other related ailments and the region in the world it will be used.
The main type of support vaccines are five and will be discussed in the article and they are: toxic vaccine, inactive vaccine, attenuate vaccine, subunit vaccine and conjugate vaccine. The first type of vaccine is the attentive or live vaccine that is made in the lab for the purpose of learning by creating a weakened and is harmless to the body as it cannot cause illness but its present in the bodies system. To learn how a microbe functions in the body a similar environment is created in the lab for learning purposes where microbes are studied. For the purpose of gaining more insight on how to develop a more effective medicine to fight the microbe in the various diseases with the first aim to targeting on knowing the amount of antibodies the body can produce to protect itself from a microbe and designing drugs that would heal one after taking a few doses. A number of examples diseases are yellow fever, smallpox, measles, mumps, rubella, chickenpox and rotavirus.
The other form of support vaccines is the toxic vaccine caused by bacteria that produce harmful chemicals. The bacteria toxin becomes the main cause of illness. Formalin can be used to treat inactive toxin which is a solution of formaldehyde and sterilized water. After the body is immunized it learns how to fight the natural toxic substance by releasing antibodies that fight the toxic substance and finally stop its production. Diphtheria and tetanus are some of the common produced toxic substance by the body.
Polysaccharides are used to help protect immature immune systems against illness by linking toxoids and antigens to the immune system. When there are sugar coating on a bacterium that ensures that bacterium antigens protect the immune system of newborn does not react to bacterium antibodies is known as polysaccharides.