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The Pediatrics Center Pneumonia Information Guide
Pneumonia refers to the infection of the lungs which is very dangerous for children, but prompt medical intervention can help the morbidity and mortality rate associated with the disease. The types of viruses causing pneumonia are influenza virus, respiratory syncytial virus, adenovirus, adenovirus, and parainfluenza. Pneumonia can also be caused by bacterial infections. The virus or bacteria can be spread from one person to another through direct contact with the mucus or saliva of the infected person and via coughing. As contrary to the popular belief that pneumonia can be caused by improper clothing or air temperature, it is more common during fall, winter, and early spring when children spend more time indoors in close contact with other people.
When it comes to the signs and symptoms of pneumonia, they include fever, coughing, fast and labored breathing, sweating, chills, wheezing, widening of the nostrils, and bluish tint of the lips or nails. The diagnostic procedure for determining the extent of lung infection is chest x-ray. Coughing is necessary so your child can clear his lungs for excessive secretions so avoid giving your child over-the-counter cough suppressants such as dextromethorpan or codeine, and viral infection does not need any specific treatment other than fever control and rest. In order to prevent recurrence and complete eradication of infection, it is important to follow the exactly prescribed antibiotics with the right dosage, time, and frequency, and never discontinue the medication even if your child feels better. It is important to have your child checked by a pediatrician as soon as you are suspecting pneumonia.
If your child shows fever lasting for more than a few days despite antibiotics intake, breathing difficulties, or evidence of other body part infection (swollen joints, neck stiffness, bone pain, and vomiting), you have to check back with the pediatrician immediately. As the popular saying goes, “An ounce of prevention is better an ounce of cure.”, so have your child vaccinated against pneumococcal infections. This vaccine is usually given at four, six, and twelve to fifteen months. For children at high risk of developing invasive pneumococcal infection such as those with sickle cell anemia, heart disease, lung disease, kidney failure, organ transplant, or HIV, they need pneumococcal polysaccharide or PPV23 from 24 to 29 months of age.
Learn more about pediatric health on this website, and get to know the Pediatric Center in New Jersey providing providence childbirth classes. Contact us now for more details! Our children are precious to us, so we have to take action right away if we suspect them having any medical condition such as pediatric pneumonia, and let this be a resource guide for you. Always remember that the Pediatric Center is always available to help you.
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